Thursday, January 2, 2014

Project Delivery Management

There are very basic simple steps for Project Delivery Management!

(1) Build the team right, at whatever costs. It is an investment, that takes you a long way!
(2) Dont take the advice from team members lightly, they are the future leaders, who might see something special.
(3) Communication is the basic stuff anyone looks for. Either with team or client, be clear. Dont hide anything.
(4) Take ownership. Dont have anyone do it for you, as you are supposed to be in control. Rain or Shine.
(5) Good team that performs, are built over a long term. Dont expect success in short term. Make them perform at least one year to get the best results.
(6) Family members of the team are crucial. Dont make the team overwork. Give them work life balance. Dont make them work your fancied work times.
(7) Look at the overall business scenario, over the last year - quarter on quarter basis - to make informed investments. Decisions should not be based on knee jerk reactions.

Tuesday, August 10, 2010

Interesting post

Read an interesting article about Social Media

15 Competitive Intelligence Tools for Recruiting

some snippets... Jason has listed... with thanks to him.

  • Google Alerts: Keep tabs on what your competitors are doing, conveniently delivered via e-mail or RSS feeds. What about “A” talent your keeping tabs on? Press releases? Financial information? The opportunities with Google alerts are endless.
  • SpyFu: Spy on your competitors online. You just need the site name, and SpyFu does the rest. What keywords and adwords are they targeting and buying? How are they performing? What positions are the most competitive? What are the results?
  • SocialMention: Receive free daily email alerts of your brand, company, CEO, marketing campaign, or on a developing news story, or a competitor. This can be a powerful tool, and includes exporting features as well.
  • LinkedIn: Where do I start with the possibilities here. Track a companies new hires, promotions, people that have left, where they have gone, press releases, org charts, and on and on. Do you follow your competitors pages? If you aren’t taking advantage of everything LinkedIn has to offer, start with this one first for recruiting.
  • BoardTracker: Want to know what people in forums are saying about you and your competitors? Find out with BoardTracker. It’s an innovative forum search engine that tracks messages and sends instant alerts from forums and forum threads of your choice. It searches over 37,000 forums representing more than 63 million threads. Another popular option is BoardReader.
  • A sophisticated tracking tool that looks for new content on your competitors’ web pages. You receive an e-mail with a highlighted version so you know specifically what has changed. If their career site is updated or new positions are added, you’ll know what’s changed and when. This can be used on your desktop or iPhone / iPad.
  • Twitter: Are you following your competitors and all their employees on twitter? How about the people that the competition is following, or those that engage the most with your competition? Are you leveraging twitter lists? What lists do they use or subscribe to? There are a lot of opportunities to leverage social media for competitive intelligence, though this one provides a lot of opportunities.
  • Twitter Search: Twitter search is now the #2 search engine as of last week, according to several news sources. Are you tracking what you should be? Some obvious choices include competitor names, product names, and appropriate keywords. Use the advance search feature for even more options.
  • Wikipedia: What’s out there about your competitors? Check out the business intelligence possibilities with one company’s search results on the Wikipedia site - for Walmart.
  • Slideshare: Which of their employees are presenting? Where? What’s being published? Tap into this information with a couple of searches on the site, and you’ll quickly see what’s possible.
  • The Free Library: A great source for articles and information on your competitors. You can browse by date, author, category and name.
  • Google Finance: If your competitor is publicly traded, you can perform a search in Google Finance, where you can review income statements, latest news stories and blog posts about competitors and their business data.
  • YouTube: Are you seeing video results for competitors? Have you subscribed to their YouTube channel?
  • Collecta: What’s being talked about right now, and the trends?
  • CI Radar: CI Radar delivers key intelligence about competitors, prospects, partners, customers, employees, industry developments and internal threats and vulnerabilities.

Saturday, January 2, 2010

eCRM Software and beyond

Sharon Software Systems has developed full fledged software solutions - eCRM to cater to many business and eDatacenter along with a classifieds framework, exclusive for B2C customers. This is being projected to be used for out venture Indiarealestventure, a realty portal venture in a box. We are also coming up with few other ventures in the Saas model, where the user ends up paying, for a monthly use, with a small commitment. There will be a dashboard concept, where even other vendors can provide combined, seamlessly working application for a given customers need. I am in the process of patenting this.

There are many questions raised by the investors on why, how and where our solutions would be used, and what the benefit is going to be.

Today cloud, distributed servers and internet, with powerful wireless networks bring the office closer to anyone on the move, and the customer would expect the business to be closer to them as well.

CRM is something that is not restricted to any country or culture. Wherever customers are there, businesses cannot afford to keep them unhappy and that is where CRM comes in as a very strong requirement.

In India, the trend is positive. When compared to about few years ago, people have more choice and every company knows it can’t take customers for granted. May be the movement is slow, but we see a steady progress towards an increased focus on the customer, rather than merely on the products and price.

Recently, everyone gets to notice concepts like loyalty program's adopted even by our new departmental grocery chains. Earlier, loyalty was taken for granted if good products and services were provided. But now, that is no longer the case, and companies are trying hard to win the customer’s heart, not just his purse/money. In the process, both the customers and CRM are getting the attention they deserve and hence the business improves and grows. Mutually rewarding for both.

Innovation can help any business grow. CRM can help businesses in many ways. To start, when somebody calls you or drops in at your office, do you know everything about him or her? That can be a good beginning, and knowing fully about a customer (or a prospect) is something that is always going to help us in suggesting products of interest to them.

Next, the services area. Many great Indian companies are known to be poor in providing support. Here again CRM concepts and tools can help.

Modern Indian businesses are definitely keen on implementing CRM concepts in their day-to-day operations. For example, a bank started providing 'Platinum', ‘Gold’, ‘Silver’ cards to its valued customers, and depending on their status the customers get faster services and better rates and best rewards. The customers were happy, and the bank spent time with the right customers, prioritising well, and proposing things that are more likely to be accepted by the target audience.

CRM success metrics differ for each industry. The most common ways of measuring CRM success are: increase in the number of leads, for a sales organisation; and the average time spent on each call, in a service organisation. Airlines and Travel industry see the immediate results. No seat can be left unsold, if you know the customer looking for it. That is why we came up with the venture.

Any organization, if it uses our own CRM implementation, we can see an immediate improvement of 25 per cent increase in the number of leads that got converted to orders.The broad based experience of the founder, working in an Automotive portal business, with low volume and high margin, has given enough insight to assist with brick and mortar business.

Though each organization has its own way of measuring CRM effectiveness, in general, organizations feel there is a definite value-add from CRM in the long term. According to Harvard Business School study, ‘Companies that put customers in the center are 10 times more likely to achieve growth goals.’ And CRM is a great tool to make that happen.

First of all, many people assume that CRM means a software package. You buy it paying huge chunks of money, and then it takes care of your business. No we beg to differ. It is not like that. Unfortunately, life is not a well laid out plan. Here we have to do the work, and software is just a tool, to support us. The tools to improve business comes along all the way!

CRM is more a business concept, and it is left to our creativity how we want to use it. You don’t need fancy software to support your CRM efforts, even though one such software would definitely help doing things faster.

For example, recently, I was visiting a self service hotel, that was very crowded. I was very worried whether we would get out plate meals. Should I have to return hungry or go to the nearby hotel? At that time, the bill cashier looked at me and asked, ‘How many meals you want Sir?’ I gave my order, and knew that we would be served in due course.

All this time, he was busy working on taking so many peoples order. Once he took the interest in me, I was no longer worried about waiting, because he had given me an impression that things are moving and we would be served. Life is not just make believe, real service is needed. Later, I observed that he was doing so for almost every new customer. Interestingly, nobody did mind waiting, after all that was small trick - best practice any business can use.

Note this hotel doesn’t have any CRM software, but still he is able to apply its concepts in his daily work. That is the power of creative CRM, and there are endless possibilities of what you can do with it.

The second popular CRM myth is that all CRM implementations are costly and they take a long time. It is not only companies with deep pockets can afford to go for CRM implementations.

May be this was true a few years earlier. Now, CRM is slowly making headway for SMEs (small and medium enterprises). This is a positive trend we are seeing in the last few years, and expect this will be of interest even to big enterprises, to save their overall cost of CRM implementation.

SaaS (Software as a Service) is a big trend now. That's why Sharon Software Systems is coming up with ventures catering to this domain. We specialise in SaaS-based CRM solutions, both in our products and services. What SaaS is doing now, is to bring CRM to the masses, and the SMEs.

People who believe in CRM’s power, but can’t (or don’t want to) spend a whole lot of money immediately on that, can start by subscribing to CRM services, which are available for as low as Rs 500 or US $ 10 per month per user, with a small plan commitment. Thats all. Once the hardware is setup, the software comes almost for free, just like paying the annual maintenance contract.

These provide a good start. You can use them and see the value. Once you like it, or when ready for the next level, you can move to the more advanced services, or even a pure portal hosted solution, with intranet and cloud for internal services.

For example, many educational institutions in the US and Europe are now using CRM to track their current and potential students. They start with simple things, such as course registration, and slowly increase their CRM bandwidth. Also they can target the particular country with better seminars, to brings students on board.

This model is perfect for India, owing to the economics. SaaS provides companies with the luxury of sampling at a relatively low cost. The CRM solution can, accordingly, grow with the company.

CRM as a business is worth about Rs 50,000 crores or $50 billion in India, if you see that the service Industry has a turn over of Rs 500,000 crores annually, considering 10% IT spend. No wonder there was Service Tax introduced in 2004 to garner more revenue for the Indian government.

But this is a kind of unclear number because it includes CRM products and services in the traditional sense, and also the related IT enabled services.

Big players in CRM such as Oracle are very enthusiastic about CRM’s growth potential. Almost every major corporation is introducing its own CRM version, to get a part of the CRM pie. And the latest on the bandwagon is the biggest one, Microsoft, actively promoting the ‘Microsoft Dynamic CRM' and host of other services.

In general, the CRM market is buzzing with activity. Market leaders like Siebel and are still strong, despite tough competition from new players. We in Sharon Software Systems, have the knowledge and bandwidth to match the big players service quality and products.

Industry interest reflects in the media’s coverage of customer relationship topics. Business schools are gearing-up to teach CRM basics to the next-generation professionals. Because of huge CRM implementations, and their direct effect on the business, end customers are also becoming aware of the change, and have started expecting more.

Everyone asks CRM is intruding into people’s privacy?

The other day, I was making a phone call to an Pizza store. A guy picked it and said, ‘Hello sir, you are so-an-so, you purchased a special Pizza last time, can I give the same npw?’

This, right in the beginning of conversation, had taken me aback. We all know a CRM tool can match my phone number with their records and flash all the details on the monitor, and one can just read out from the screen. But the leery feeling that somebody is watching my orders and tracks after a month makes me scary! This has to be solved. I also wondered, whether they sell my data to others, based on affluence, imagining that only certain set of customers, can be looked at to sell some other service. Which in a way is OK. But it has to come from the consent of the customers, themselves. Many online subscriptions track these habits. This has to evolve. That is where our software solution comes into play.

Such problems can occur when you go too aggressive on CRM. The challenge is to find the right balance, and work in such a way that the customer is happy with the service, as well as the way we manage the relationship.

Contact us for an open source based CRM software, that comes at an affordable cost and a better maintenance.

Friday, January 1, 2010

Happy New Year

Happy New Year!

Saturday, November 28, 2009

Project Management Control Systems

Project management control systems are the modern tools for managing project scope, cost and schedule. They are based on carefully defined process and document controls, metrics, performance indicators and forecasting with capability to reveal trends toward cost overrun and/or schedule slippage. Identifying those trends early makes them more amenable to successful management.

Traditionally, management systems have utilized data about planned and actual costs. Modern systems further incorporate, in their analysis of projects and tasks, the monetary value earned for actual work accomplished.
  1. They analyze the Planned Value of work scheduled (PV),
  2. Actual Cost of work performed (AC),
  3. and Earned Value of work performed (EV).

Forecasting includes cumulative and incremental trends in key indicators such as the

  • Estimate at Completion (AC + Estimate to Complete),
  • Cost Variance (EV – AC),
  • Schedule Variance (EV – PV),
  • Cost Performance Index (EV/AC),
  • and Schedule Performance Index (EV/PV).

Earned Value Management (EVM) is a systematic approach to the integration and measurement of cost, schedule and scope accomplishments on a project or task, providing managers the ability to examine cost data in the context of detailed schedule information and critical program and technical milestones.

EVM systems are in use by IT service providers, leading project delivery contractors in commercial industry and government service. ( works in any sphere )


Nothing is perfect in this world of chaos.

So to bring orderliness, something has to be scratched from bottom up.

Every step of the way in any development or project completion gets monitored and reported.

It gives a sense of feeling while work gets done.

The guy who monitors - Program Manager ( multiple projects ) or Project Manager ( single project ) with tons of resources should be using various learned tools, gained experience, of the scope of the project.

Friday, November 6, 2009

Startups - what they really are

This is credited from here...

1. Be Careful with Cofounders

This was the surprise mentioned by the most founders. There were two types of responses: that you have to be careful who you pick as a cofounder, and that you have to work hard to maintain your relationship.

What people wished they'd paid more attention to when choosing cofounders was character and commitment, not ability. This was particularly true with startups that failed. The lesson: don't pick cofounders who will flake.

Here's a typical reponse:
You haven't seen someone's true colors unless you've worked with them on a startup.
The reason character is so important is that it's tested more severely than in most other situations. One founder said explicitly that the relationship between founders was more important than ability:
I would rather cofound a startup with a friend than a stranger with higher output. Startups are so hard and emotional that the bonds and emotional and social support that come with friendship outweigh the extra output lost.
We learned this lesson a long time ago. If you look at the YC application, there are more questions about the commitment and relationship of the founders than their ability.

Founders of successful startups talked less about choosing cofounders and more about how hard they worked to maintain their relationship.
One thing that surprised me is how the relationship of startup founders goes from a friendship to a marriage. My relationship with my cofounder went from just being friends to seeing each other all the time, fretting over the finances and cleaning up shit. And the startup was our baby. I summed it up once like this: "It's like we're married, but we're not fucking."
Several people used that word "married." It's a far more intense relationship than you usually see between coworkers—partly because the stresses are so much greater, and partly because at first the founders are the whole company. So this relationship has to be built of top quality materials and carefully maintained. It's the basis of everything.

2. Startups Take Over Your Life

Just as the relationship between cofounders is more intense than it usually is between coworkers, so is the relationship between the founders and the company. Running a startup is not like having a job or being a student, because it never stops. This is so foreign to most people's experience that they don't get it till it happens. [1]
I didn't realize I would spend almost every waking moment either working or thinking about our startup. You enter a whole different way of life when it's your company vs. working for someone else's company.
It's exacerbated by the fast pace of startups, which makes it seem like time slows down:
I think the thing that's been most surprising to me is how one's perspective on time shifts. Working on our startup, I remember time seeming to stretch out, so that a month was a huge interval.
In the best case, total immersion can be exciting:
It's surprising how much you become consumed by your startup, in that you think about it day and night, but never once does it feel like "work."
Though I have to say, that quote is from someone we funded this summer. In a couple years he may not sound so chipper.

3. It's an Emotional Roller-coaster

This was another one lots of people were surprised about. The ups and downs were more extreme than they were prepared for.

In a startup, things seem great one moment and hopeless the next. And by next, I mean a couple hours later.
The emotional ups and downs were the biggest surprise for me. One day, we'd think of ourselves as the next Google and dream of buying islands; the next, we'd be pondering how to let our loved ones know of our utter failure; and on and on.
The hard part, obviously, is the lows. For a lot of founders that was the big surprise:
How hard it is to keep everyone motivated during rough days or weeks, i.e. how low the lows can be.
After a while, if you don't have significant success to cheer you up, it wears you out:
Your most basic advice to founders is "just don't die," but the energy to keep a company going in lieu of unburdening success isn't free; it is siphoned from the founders themselves.
There's a limit to how much you can take. If you get to the point where you can't keep working anymore, it's not the end of the world. Plenty of famous founders have had some failures along the way.

4. It Can Be Fun

The good news is, the highs are also very high. Several founders said what surprised them most about doing a startup was how fun it was:
I think you've left out just how fun it is to do a startup. I am more fulfilled in my work than pretty much any of my friends who did not start companies.
What they like most is the freedom:
I'm surprised by how much better it feels to be working on something that is challenging and creative, something I believe in, as opposed to the hired-gun stuff I was doing before. I knew it would feel better; what's surprising is how much better.
Frankly, though, if I've misled people here, I'm not eager to fix that. I'd rather have everyone think starting a startup is grim and hard than have founders go into it expecting it to be fun, and a few months later saying "This is supposed to be fun? Are you kidding?"

The truth is, it wouldn't be fun for most people. A lot of what we try to do in the application process is to weed out the people who wouldn't like it, both for our sake and theirs.

The best way to put it might be that starting a startup is fun the way a survivalist training course would be fun, if you're into that sort of thing. Which is to say, not at all, if you're not.

5. Persistence Is the Key

A lot of founders were surprised how important persistence was in startups. It was both a negative and a positive surprise: they were surprised both by the degree of persistence required
Everyone said how determined and resilient you must be, but going through it made me realize that the determination required was still understated.
and also by the degree to which persistence alone was able to dissolve obstacles:
If you are persistent, even problems that seem out of your control (i.e. immigration) seem to work themselves out.
Several founders mentioned specifically how much more important persistence was than intelligence.
I've been surprised again and again by just how much more important persistence is than raw intelligence.
This applies not just to intelligence but to ability in general, and that's why so many people said character was more important in choosing cofounders.

6. Think Long-Term

You need persistence because everything takes longer than you expect. A lot of people were surprised by that.
I'm continually surprised by how long everything can take. Assuming your product doesn't experience the explosive growth that very few products do, everything from development to dealmaking (especially dealmaking) seems to take 2-3x longer than I always imagine.
One reason founders are surprised is that because they work fast, they expect everyone else to. There's a shocking amount of shear stress at every point where a startup touches a more bureaucratic organization, like a big company or a VC fund. That's why fundraising and the enterprise market kill and maim so many startups. [2]

But I think the reason most founders are surprised by how long it takes is that they're overconfident. They think they're going to be an instant success, like YouTube or Facebook. You tell them only 1 out of 100 successful startups has a trajectory like that, and they all think "we're going to be that 1."

Maybe they'll listen to one of the more successful founders:
The top thing I didn't understand before going into it is that persistence is the name of the game. For the vast majority of startups that become successful, it's going to be a really long journey, at least 3 years and probably 5+.
There is a positive side to thinking longer-term. It's not just that you have to resign yourself to everything taking longer than it should. If you work patiently it's less stressful, and you can do better work:
Because we're relaxed, it's so much easier to have fun doing what we do. Gone is the awkward nervous energy fueled by the desperate need to not fail guiding our actions. We can concentrate on doing what's best for our company, product, employees and customers.
That's why things get so much better when you hit ramen profitability. You can shift into a different mode of working.

7. Lots of Little Things

We often emphasize how rarely startups win simply because they hit on some magic idea. I think founders have now gotten that into their heads. But a lot were surprised to find this also applies within startups. You have to do lots of different things:
It's much more of a grind than glamorous. A timeslice selected at random would more likely find me tracking down a weird DLL loading bug on Swedish Windows, or tracking down a bug in the financial model Excel spreadsheet the night before a board meeting, rather than having brilliant flashes of strategic insight.
Most hacker-founders would like to spend all their time programming. You won't get to, unless you fail. Which can be transformed into: If you spend all your time programming, you will fail.

The principle extends even into programming. There is rarely a single brilliant hack that ensures success:
I learnt never to bet on any one feature or deal or anything to bring you success. It is never a single thing. Everything is just incremental and you just have to keep doing lots of those things until you strike something.
Even in the rare cases where a clever hack makes your fortune, you probably won't know till later:
There is no such thing as a killer feature. Or at least you won't know what it is.
So the best strategy is to try lots of different things. The reason not to put all your eggs in one basket is not the usual one, which applies even when you know which basket is best. In a startup you don't even know that.

8. Start with Something Minimal

Lots of founders mentioned how important it was to launch with the simplest possible thing. By this point everyone knows you should release fast and iterate. It's practically a mantra at YC. But even so a lot of people seem to have been burned by not doing it:
Build the absolute smallest thing that can be considered a complete application and ship it.
Why do people take too long on the first version? Pride, mostly. They hate to release something that could be better. They worry what people will say about them. But you have to overcome this:
Doing something "simple" at first glance does not mean you aren't doing something meaningful, defensible, or valuable.
Don't worry what people will say. If your first version is so impressive that trolls don't make fun of it, you waited too long to launch. [3]

One founder said this should be your approach to all programming, not just startups, and I tend to agree.
Now, when coding, I try to think "How can I write this such that if people saw my code, they'd be amazed at how little there is and how little it does?"
Over-engineering is poison. It's not like doing extra work for extra credit. It's more like telling a lie that you then have to remember so you don't contradict it.

9. Engage Users

Product development is a conversation with the user that doesn't really start till you launch. Before you launch, you're like a police artist before he's shown the first version of his sketch to the witness.

It's so important to launch fast that it may be better to think of your initial version not as a product, but as a trick for getting users to start talking to you.
I learned to think about the initial stages of a startup as a giant experiment. All products should be considered experiments, and those that have a market show promising results extremely quickly.
Once you start talking to users, I guarantee you'll be surprised by what they tell you.
When you let customers tell you what they're after, they will often reveal amazing details about what they find valuable as well what they're willing to pay for.
The surprise is generally positive as well as negative. They won't like what you've built, but there will be other things they would like that would be trivially easy to implement. It's not till you start the conversation by launching the wrong thing that they can express (or perhaps even realize) what they're looking for.

10. Change Your Idea

To benefit from engaging with users you have to be willing to change your idea. We've always encouraged founders to see a startup idea as a hypothesis rather than a blueprint. And yet they're still surprised how well it works to change the idea.
Normally if you complain about something being hard, the general advice is to work harder. With a startup, I think you should find a problem that's easy for you to solve. Optimizing in solution-space is familiar and straightforward, but you can make enormous gains playing around in problem-space.
Whereas mere determination, without flexibility, is a greedy algorithm that may get you nothing more than a mediocre local maximum:
When someone is determined, there's still a danger that they'll follow a long, hard path that ultimately leads nowhere.
You want to push forward, but at the same time twist and turn to find the most promising path. One founder put it very succinctly:
Fast iteration is the key to success.
One reason this advice is so hard to follow is that people don't realize how hard it is to judge startup ideas, particularly their own. Experienced founders learn to keep an open mind:
Now I don't laugh at ideas anymore, because I realized how terrible I was at knowing if they were good or not.
You can never tell what will work. You just have to do whatever seems best at each point. We do this with YC itself. We still don't know if it will work, but it seems like a decent hypothesis.

11. Don't Worry about Competitors

When you think you've got a great idea, it's sort of like having a guilty conscience about something. All someone has to do is look at you funny, and you think "Oh my God, they know."

These alarms are almost always false:
Companies that seemed like competitors and threats at first glance usually never were when you really looked at it. Even if they were operating in the same area, they had a different goal.
One reason people overreact to competitors is that they overvalue ideas. If ideas really were the key, a competitor with the same idea would be a real threat. But it's usually execution that matters:
All the scares induced by seeing a new competitor pop up are forgotten weeks later. It always comes down to your own product and approach to the market.
This is generally true even if competitors get lots of attention.
Competitors riding on lots of good blogger perception aren't really the winners and can disappear from the map quickly. You need consumers after all.
Hype doesn't make satisfied users, at least not for something as complicated as technology.

12. It's Hard to Get Users

A lot of founders complained about how hard it was to get users, though.
I had no idea how much time and effort needed to go into attaining users.
This is a complicated topic. When you can't get users, it's hard to say whether the problem is lack of exposure, or whether the product's simply bad. Even good products can be blocked by switching or integration costs:
Getting people to use a new service is incredibly difficult. This is especially true for a service that other companies can use, because it requires their developers to do work. If you're small, they don't think it is urgent. [4]
The sharpest criticism of YC came from a founder who said we didn't focus enough on customer acquisition:
YC preaches "make something people want" as an engineering task, a never ending stream of feature after feature until enough people are happy and the application takes off. There's very little focus on the cost of customer acquisition.
This may be true; this may be something we need to fix, especially for applications like games. If you make something where the challenges are mostly technical, you can rely on word of mouth, like Google did. One founder was surprised by how well that worked for him:
There is an irrational fear that no one will buy your product. But if you work hard and incrementally make it better, there is no need to worry.
But with other types of startups you may win less by features and more by deals and marketing.

13. Expect the Worst with Deals

Deals fall through. That's a constant of the startup world. Startups are powerless, and good startup ideas generally seem wrong. So everyone is nervous about closing deals with you, and you have no way to make them.

This is particularly true with investors:
In retrospect, it would have been much better if we had operated under the assumption that we would never get any additional outside investment. That would have focused us on finding revenue streams early.
My advice is generally pessimistic. Assume you won't get money, and if someone does offer you any, assume you'll never get any more.
If someone offers you money, take it. You say it a lot, but I think it needs even more emphasizing. We had the opportunity to raise a lot more money than we did last year and I wish we had.
Why do founders ignore me? Mostly because they're optimistic by nature. The mistake is to be optimistic about things you can't control. By all means be optimistic about your ability to make something great. But you're asking for trouble if you're optimistic about big companies or investors.

14. Investors Are Clueless

A lot of founders mentioned how surprised they were by the cluelessness of investors:
They don't even know about the stuff they've invested in. I met some investors that had invested in a hardware device and when I asked them to demo the device they had difficulty switching it on.
Angels are a bit better than VCs, because they usually have startup experience themselves:
VC investors don't know half the time what they are talking about and are years behind in their thinking. A few were great, but 95% of the investors we dealt with were unprofessional, didn't seem to be very good at business or have any kind of creative vision. Angels were generally much better to talk to.
Why are founders surprised that VCs are clueless? I think it's because they seem so formidable.

The reason VCs seem formidable is that it's their profession to. You get to be a VC by convincing asset managers to trust you with hundreds of millions of dollars. How do you do that? You have to seem confident, and you have to seem like you understand technology. [5]

15. You May Have to Play Games

Because investors are so bad at judging you, you have to work harder than you should at selling yourself. One founder said the thing that surprised him most was
The degree to which feigning certitude impressed investors.
This is the thing that has surprised me most about YC founders' experiences. This summer we invited some of the alumni to talk to the new startups about fundraising, and pretty much 100% of their advice was about investor psychology. I thought I was cynical about VCs, but the founders were much more cynical.
A lot of what startup founders do is just posturing. It works.
VCs themselves have no idea of the extent to which the startups they like are the ones that are best at selling themselves to VCs. [6] It's exactly the same phenomenon we saw a step earlier. VCs get money by seeming confident to LPs, and founders get money by seeming confident to VCs.

16. Luck Is a Big Factor

With two such random linkages in the path between startups and money, it shouldn't be surprising that luck is a big factor in deals. And yet a lot of founders are surprised by it.
I didn't realize how much of a role luck plays and how much is outside of our control.
If you think about famous startups, it's pretty clear how big a role luck plays. Where would Microsoft be if IBM insisted on an exclusive license for DOS?

Why are founders fooled by this? Business guys probably aren't, but hackers are used to a world where skill is paramount, and you get what you deserve.
When we started our startup, I had bought the hype of the startup founder dream: that this is a game of skill. It is, in some ways. Having skill is valuable. So is being determined as all hell. But being lucky is the critical ingredient.
Actually the best model would be to say that the outcome is the product of skill, determination, and luck. No matter how much skill and determination you have, if you roll a zero for luck, the outcome is zero.

These quotes about luck are not from founders whose startups failed. Founders who fail quickly tend to blame themselves. Founders who succeed quickly don't usually realize how lucky they were. It's the ones in the middle who see how important luck is.

17. The Value of Community

A surprising number of founders said what surprised them most about starting a startup was the value of community. Some meant the micro-community of YC founders:
The immense value of the peer group of YC companies, and facing similar obstacles at similar times.
which shouldn't be that surprising, because that's why it's structured that way. Others were surprised at the value of the startup community in the larger sense:
How advantageous it is to live in Silicon Valley, where you can't help but hear all the cutting-edge tech and startup news, and run into useful people constantly.
The specific thing that surprised them most was the general spirit of benevolence:
One of the most surprising things I saw was the willingness of people to help us. Even people who had nothing to gain went out of their way to help our startup succeed.
and particularly how it extended all the way to the top:
The surprise for me was how accessible important and interesting people are. It's amazing how easily you can reach out to people and get immediate feedback.
This is one of the reasons I like being part of this world. Creating wealth is not a zero-sum game, so you don't have to stab people in the back to win.

18. You Get No Respect

There was one surprise founders mentioned that I'd forgotten about: that outside the startup world, startup founders get no respect.
In social settings, I found that I got a lot more respect when I said, "I worked on Microsoft Office" instead of "I work at a small startup you've never heard of called x."
Partly this is because the rest of the world just doesn't get startups, and partly it's yet another consequence of the fact that most good startup ideas seem bad:
If you pitch your idea to a random person, 95% of the time you'll find the person instinctively thinks the idea will be a flop and you're wasting your time (although they probably won't say this directly).
Unfortunately this extends even to dating:
It surprised me that being a startup founder does not get you more admiration from women.
I did know about that, but I'd forgotten.

19. Things Change as You Grow

The last big surprise founders mentioned is how much things changed as they grew. The biggest change was that you got to program even less:
Your job description as technical founder/CEO is completely rewritten every 6-12 months. Less coding, more managing/planning/company building, hiring, cleaning up messes, and generally getting things in place for what needs to happen a few months from now.
In particular, you now have to deal with employees, who often have different motivations:
I knew the founder equation and had been focused on it since I knew I wanted to start a startup as a 19 year old. The employee equation is quite different so it took me a while to get it down.
Fortunately, it can become a lot less stressful once you reach cruising altitude:
I'd say 75% of the stress is gone now from when we first started. Running a business is so much more enjoyable now. We're more confident. We're more patient. We fight less. We sleep more.
I wish I could say it was this way for every startup that succeeded, but 75% is probably on the high side.

The Super-Pattern

There were a few other patterns, but these were the biggest. One's first thought when looking at them all is to ask if there's a super-pattern, a pattern to the patterns.

I saw it immediately, and so did a YC founder I read the list to. These are supposed to be the surprises, the things I didn't tell people. What do they all have in common? They're all things I tell people. If I wrote a new essay with the same outline as this that wasn't summarizing the founders' responses, everyone would say I'd run out of ideas and was just repeating myself.

What is going on here?

When I look at the responses, the common theme is that starting a startup was like I said, but way more so. People just don't seem to get how different it is till they do it. Why? The key to that mystery is to ask, how different from what? Once you phrase it that way, the answer is obvious: from a job. Everyone's model of work is a job. It's completely pervasive. Even if you've never had a job, your parents probably did, along with practically every other adult you've met.

Unconsciously, everyone expects a startup to be like a job, and that explains most of the surprises. It explains why people are surprised how carefully you have to choose cofounders and how hard you have to work to maintain your relationship. You don't have to do that with coworkers. It explains why the ups and downs are surprisingly extreme. In a job there is much more damping. But it also explains why the good times are surprisingly good: most people can't imagine such freedom. As you go down the list, almost all the surprises are surprising in how much a startup differs from a job.

You probably can't overcome anything so pervasive as the model of work you grew up with. So the best solution is to be consciously aware of that. As you go into a startup, you'll be thinking "everyone says it's really extreme." Your next thought will probably be "but I can't believe it will be that bad." If you want to avoid being surprised, the next thought after that should be: "and the reason I can't believe it will be that bad is that my model of work is a job."

(hardly I could snip it... Thanks Paul )

Monday, September 28, 2009


Everybody deals with it. The name of the devil is "Demand" and if its nature is unexpected then it becomes more poisonous. Prioritization is a weapon which serves as a great source of power in dealing with that.

Here is a seven-step approach for creating and maintaining a priority list and deal with the demand in a way it becomes meaningful to you. (The term "business" is used at a high-level and goes beyond the traditional definition of trade or commerce. It is used here as a context which has the most significant impact on you.)

  1. Make an inventory list of everything you need to accomplish. Then classify it into the following three perspectives:
    1. Everything Routine: It should include all the tasks that you do on a routine basis. Checking emails, submitting status reports, attending review meetings… everything routine.
    2. Everything Exclusive: It should include all the specific requests from superiors, colleagues, clients, vendors or anyone who you need to be specific upon.
    3. Everything Extra-mile: It should include everything that you have initiated or you are taking an active part in helping that thing done. It might include new processes and procedures that you intend to create new product lines, new hiring policy, new reward policy etc.
  2. Categorize each inventory item list according to:
    1. Business Criticality: Business criticality should be #1 driver. It would be wise to get engaged in doing the most important items related to the business. These are the items if not given attention to, would adversely impact the business.
    2. Personal Importance: Next is personal importance. Once business criticality and importance are dealt with, move focus to personal important items. These are the items if not given attention to, would adversely impact you.
    3. Urgency and consequences: Now deal with urgencies. In today's cut-throat competitive world, anybody might come to you with urgent requests to fulfill. You need to understand the distinction between urgency and importance and then deal with others' urgent items. These are the items if done, would impact others positively and not covered in the above two list categories.
  3. Estimate how much time you have to accomplish the tasks. Also ask yourself few questions like:
    1. Should I do it myself or delegate to others?
    2. What can be delegated to others?
    3. What would be the impact of the delegation?
    4. What are the alternative ways of accomplishing the task?
  4. Make a stand-by priority list and order it as per point # 2 (Business Criticality, Personal Importance and Urgency) – This list is the list you can act upon when you don't have any other priority set. The list you create in point # 2 gets precedence nonetheless.
  5. Work out how you can fit the prioritized list into a time-box. Put priorities with high business importance first and hold-back the self-initiated priorities if you find it hard to time-box.
  6. Finalize the priority-list and organize the work you need to do or get that done from others and act upon.
  7. Revise the priority list as per your needs and re-enter into the priority list preparation exercise again.  Sharpen the saw.

Given the way it is described, it might look like a dreadful task however almost all the successful managers pass through this exercise almost mechanically. I have observed that Prioritization provides "structure" to the information chunks and leads to clarity and clarity is #1 success driver in accomplishment of anything you intend to accomplish.

Happy Prioritization!